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I am very pleased to welcome Vincent Gallucci, Wakefield Professor of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, College of the Environment, as our new director and chair. Vince has been an affiliated faculty of the Center for many years and has made a significant contribution to our research and teaching program. It will be an honor to work with Vince particularly on our Arctic initiative. I am also pleased to welcome Joël Plouffe to the Center. Joël is our Visiting Québec Professor during Winter Quarter from Université du Québec à Montréal. Thanks to a generous grant from the Government of Québec, Joël is co-teaching the Task Force on Arctic Security with me that just returned from an 8-day research trip to Canada. Welcome Vince and Joël! And merci beaucoup to the Government of Québec for their on-going support of our program! - Nadine
Vince recently accepted the offer to be director of the Canadian
Studies Center, a truly exciting opportunity. Vince Gallucci has been the Wakefield Professor of Ocean and Fishery Sciences in the College of the Environment, and is an adjunct professor in the Russian and Far East Institute in the Jackson School of International Studies (JSIS), both at the University of Washington (UW). He is also the director of the Center for Quantitative Science in the College of the
His interest in how the Bering Sea ecosystems will respond to global warming includes interest in Arctic ecosystems and foodwebs. His experience also includes years of research on fur seals in the sub-Arctic Pribilof Islands in the North Pacific and in Lake Baikal, Siberia. He has spent significant time on commercial fishing vessels in the Bering Sea (N. Pacific) and the Greenland Channel and Barents Sea (N. Atlantic) all in or adjacent to the Arctic Circle. In recent years, policy-related work with the Russian Foreign Ministry is supplementing his historic work with scientific institutes in the Russian Academy of Science.
In addition, his current interests focus on the Arctic Ocean in both the geopolitical dimensions of international policy issues ranging from sovereignty issues and the Arctic Council to the management of Arctic biological marine resources. Sometimes this focus is on statistical, risk analysis and mathematical modeling, of fish and mammal stock dynamics. Recent papers have focused on resource-based conflict resolution, with significant biological field research. Policy papers have concerned the Law of the Sea and the Arctic Council; analyses of past and looming conflicts in Arctic resources, especially where the Arctic Council may/should be involved. He is also a member of the Arctic Council appointed Arctic Biodiversity Assessment team, and has been a member of the IUCN, Shark Specialists group. He has a history of successful and ongoing working relationshops with the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) in Nanaimo, B.C., and in Halifax. He looks forward to expanding these productive and important relationships to include laboratories and institutes on Québec's arctic coast line in Nunavik. In fact, collaboration with Candian scientists has resulted in one book, co-edited with Gordon McFarlane and several others on dogfish sharks. There is coauthorship of a DFO technical report on the dogfish commercial fishery around Vancouver Island and there is a current research project on the Canadian share of the international sardine fishery. Dr. McFarlane has also served on several UW Ph.D. supervisory committees of Vince's students.
His appointment as director of Canadian Studies is perhaps the most exciting professional event in his life in recent years. The Arctic is the last great frontier on earth. He is thrilled to have the opportunity to contribute solutions to the scientific and policy challenges, and their practical implications, for the world. He hopes that his appointment to the Canadian Studies position will allow it to contribute solutions across a spectrum of problems, including more local ones such as border issues between the U.S. and Canada and with other centers elsewhere in the States. He wants to see the Center build alliances with other study programs in JSIS as a foundation for its own expansion, built around the geographic, circumpolar Arctic. You cannot imagine his enthusiasm for continuing to work with Nadine, and others, in JSIS. Wish us luck in the exciting work ahead.
Pictured here in the UW Quad are Adam Akerblom, Joёl Plouffe, and Sophie Hubbell.
Every so often the University has the honor of hosting one of the world’s bright minds in the form of a visiting scholar. In January the Canadian Studies Center had the pleasure of welcoming Joёl Plouffe to our beautiful campus. On the 15th of January we, the Arctic Initiative Interns, had the opportunity to spend the afternoon with Joёl showing him around our campus. Joёl is a professor visiting the University of Washington from Université du Québec à Montréal, and is here teaching the Task Force on Arctic Security. His primary focus is the international relations between actors involved in the Arctic as well as their security dimensions. These include international commerce, economics and military questions in the area. The research he conducts is an investigation of the geopolitical and regional dynamics of the numerous Arctic states and actors. Particularly the role played by Arctic interests in U.S. foreign policy is a major focal point.
When asked what the single most important thing he wanted people to understand about his research is, he divulged that the region is exceedingly dynamic in nature. Its diversity, peoples, cultures, histories, and biodiversity should be in the forefront of Arctic initiatives. The Arctic ice is disappearing however the people are not. Climate change can mean new opportunities that foster adaptation and substantial growth. This knowledge is taking effect in the Nordic region however Joёl seeks to create an awakening within North America and political science as a whole. The issues of the Arctic are not often felt by the southern-oriented people of North America and as such are largely absent from political debate and academic curriculums.
His foremost task during his visit to Seattle is to teach the 2013 Task Force on Arctic Security, a program of the Canadian Studies and International Studies programs in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies. With climate change and globalization, the transformations taking place in Alaska, the Canadian Arctic territories and Inuit regions, and other Arctic nation-states, provide an opportunity to identify, assess, and challenge the meanings of 'Arctic Security' in the 21st century. The program is funded in part by the Ministère des relations internationales of the Gouvernement du Québec (MRI) (Website: http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/quebec/) In addition to this Joёl will also be giving a lecture entitled “Media in the Arctic, A Case Study of Canada and Quebec” on March 7th right here at the UW.
Sophie Hubbell and Adam Akerblom are the Arctic Initiative Interns through the Canadian Studies Center. The Arctic Initiative includes expanding Arctic Studies at the UW.
Funding for the Québec Visiting Professor Grant and the Québec Unit Grant are provided by the Government of Québec, United States University Grant Program.
Canadian Studies Center, February Report, 2013
Joël Plouffe: Arctic Council, Circumpolar Governance, Environmental Cooperation
Joël Plouffe, l’Université du Québec à Montréal, U.W. Québec Visiting Professor for 2012-13 was interviewed by Exploring Geopolitics in January for all his achievements and efforts concerning the Arctic. Click here to view full article.
The book, edited by C. Carothers, et al, includes 19 peer-reviewed papers that were presented at the symposium Fishing People of the North in September of 2011 in Anchorage Alaska. The goal of the symposium was to share knowledge of the opportunities and constraints that fishing people in northern countries encounter in a time of environmental, social and economic change. It was the first Wakefield Symposium to focus on the work of social scientists.
The paper by Gallucci, Fabbi and Hellmann focuses on the geopolitics of the Arctic Ocean. Geopolitics will determine the extent that the Arctic Ocean's alleged bounty of natural resources is utilized and in turn the fate of the peoples of the North and their environment. This paper reviews the role of the Arctic Council and some of its limitations. The role of the all-important United Nations Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is described in the context of both non-arctic and Arctic Council nation states in the Arctic Ocean donut hole (the territory surrounding the geometric center of the Arctic Ocean) and exterior to the extended jurisdictions of the five arctic littoral states. Finally, opportunities the Arctic offers are considered for the nation state of China, as representative of North Pacific countries.
To order a copy of the book or article click here.
Nadine’s article focuses on the intersection between Arctic indigenous political mobilization and nation-state politics in the Arctic. The nation-state has typically been employed as the primary unit for political analysis in conventional international relations theory. However, since the end of the Cold War, transnational issues such as climate change along with a growing number of multinational corporations and international organizations are challenging the limits of that analytical model. This is especially true in the Arctic where indigenous organizations have reframed the region as a distinct territory that transcends national political boundaries. In Canada, the Inuit have remapped the Arctic along cultural lines in an effort to ensure all Inuit benefit from future policy implementation. At the international level, the Inuit are promoting a concept of the Arctic based on cultural cohesion and shared challenges, in part to gain an enhanced voice in international affairs. The Inuit are also utilizing customary law to ensure their rights as a people will be upheld. What is occurring in the Arctic is an unparalleled level of indigenous political engagement. The Inuit are “remapping” the Arctic region and shaping domestic and international policy with implications for the circumpolar world and beyond. This paper explores the unique nature of Inuit political engagement in the Arctic via spatial and policy analysis, specifically addressing how the Inuit are reframing political space to create more appropriate “maps” for policy implementation and for the successful application of international customary law. Joël Plouffe, Visiting Québec Scholar at the Canadian Studies Center, is a managing editor of the 2012 Arctic Yearbook.
About the Arctic Yearbook
The Arctic Yearbook is the outcome of the Northern Research Forum and the University of the Arctic Thematic Network (TN) on Geopolitics and Security. The TN also organizes the annual Calotte Academy.
The Arctic Yearbook is intended to be the preeminent repository of critical analysis on the Arctic region, with a mandate to inform observers about the state of Arctic geopolitics and security. It is an international and interdisciplinary peer-reviewed publication, published online at [www.arcticyearbook.com] to ensure wide distribution and accessibility to a variety of stakeholders and observers. To read the full version of The Arctic Yearbook , please click the front page image.
This publication is available under limited copyright protection. You may download, distribute, photocopy, cite or excerpt this document provided it is properly and fully credited and not used for commercial purposes.
Editor: Lassi Heininen, University of Lapland
Managing Editors: Heather Exner-Pirot, University of Saskatchewan and Joël Plouffe, University of Québec at Montréal (UQAM)
The Canadian Studies Center, Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, and American Indian Studies, are offering the following courses in Arctic Studies in Spring Quarter 2013. The courses are open to both undergraduate and graduate students. Students who are interested in pursuing a minor in Arctic studies, may use these classes to count toward the minor (pending approval of the minor). Building on this foundation, Canadian Studies will work with the Quaternary Research Center the Program on Climate Change, and other new partners in the College of the Environment and the Polar Science Center to focus the chair on the Arctic.
JSIS 482A Canada Special Topics/AIS 475 Special Topics in American Indian Studies
Business in the Arctic - Working with Law and Policy in Resource Development
Dr. Sari Graben, U.W. 2012-13 Canada-U.S. Fulbright Chair
Tony Penikett, JSIS 2012-13 Visiting Scholar
JSIS 482B Canada Special Topics/AIS 475 Special Topics in American Indian Studies
Indigenous Land Claim Treaties in North America and the Arctic
Tony Penikett, JSIS 2012-13 Visiting Scholar
The course will address the precedents or foundations of 20th century land claims agreements in North America including the Mexican conquest, the Cherokee cases at the Marshall Court, and the 400-plus Canadian and U.S. treaties that followed. Treaty negotiations and settlements in Alaska and northern Canada will be compared to those in Greenland and Norway.
Sari Graben, LL.B. LL.M. Ph.D., currently serves as an Arctic Policy Post-Doctoral Fellow at the Queen’s Institute for Energy and Environmental Policy, Queen’s University, Toronto. Graben’s primary research interests are in the field of administrative law, contract law, and comparative law with a special focus on issues raised by environmental contracting, privatization, and collaborative governance in the Arctic.
Tony Penikett, a Vancouver-based mediator, served in politics for 25 years including two years in Ottawa as Chief of Staff to federal New Democratic Party Leader Ed Broadbent MP; five terms in the Yukon Legislative Assembly; and two terms as Premier of Canada's Yukon Territory (1985-92). His government negotiated final agreement for First Nation land claims in the territory and passed pioneering education, health, language legislation, as well as leading a much-admired bottom-up economic planning process.
On February 1, I will begin my stent as a Fulbright Visiting Research Chair at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. I will also be a Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto. I will be working on a Fulbright project and will interact with Canadian colleagues.
Charles A. Emlet, Ph.D., LCSW, ACSW, is Professor of Social Work, and joined the University of Washington Tacoma Social Work faculty in 1999. Previously he held social work positions in direct practice and administration with Solano County Health and Social Services Department in California. He is Adjunct Associate Professor with the University of Washington School of Social Work, and Affiliate faculty with the UW Center for AIDS Research. He was a Hartford Geriatric Social Work Faculty Scholar from 2001-2003 and a John A. Hartford National Research Mentor. He received his Ph.D. in Social Welfare from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio and his MSW from California State University, Fresno. He is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (California) and is a member of the Academy of Certified Social Workers.
Dr. Emlet is co-author of In Home Assessment of Older Adults: An Interdisciplinary Approach, 2nd edition, and HIV/AIDS and Older Adults: Challenges for Individuals, Families and Communities. He has published more than 60 journal articles and book chapters and serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of HIV/AIDS and Social Services and the Journal of Gerontological Social Work. Dr. Emlet is an active member of the Gerontological Society of America, (where he is a Fellow) the Association of Gerontological Education in Social Work (AGE-SW), the National Association of Social Workers and the Society of Social Work and Research. He holds a gubernatorial appointment to the Governor's Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS and his current areas of research include older persons with HIV/AIDS and issues of stigma and service delivery for persons living with HIV/AIDS and health disparities among LGBT older adults. In 2004 he received the University of Washington, Tacoma's Distinguished Research Award and was recently named a Fulbright Scholar for 2013.
Canadian Studies Center, February Report, 2013
Affiliated Graduate Student of Canadian Studies Hired as an Assistant Professor of Sociology at University of Toronto!
by David Pettinicchio, PhD., Sociology, Graduate Student Affiliate
My dissertation, "From the Government to the Streets: Why the U.S. is a Policy Innovator in Disability Rights," expands on the concept of political entrepreneurship and institutional activism to shed light on the dynamic relationship between nonprofit advocacy organizations, the use of direct-action
tactics, and political institutions. An important theme in my dissertation is the way in which governments invite rebellion by providing rights through legislative action, and consequently, politicize new constituencies, such as persons with disabilities, that then mobilize around those rights. I suggest that this, in part, helps
explain why the U.S. is a policy innovator in disability rights compared to other western industrialized countries.
While my dissertation work is mainly U.S.-centered, I have begun to extend this work to include a more comparative analysis with Canada as well as other western countries. I have also published several articles that focus on Canada. For example, my article on gay marriage policies in the journal Comparative Sociology (which includes a significant discussion of Canada) builds on a previous paper I wrote on Canadian gay marriage politics published in the International Journal of Canadian Studies. In that paper, I find that political elites in Canada facilitated the legalization of gay marriage while anti-gay marriage politicians and interest groups were unable to reframe gay marriage so as to benefit their cause. Importantly, while political entrepreneurship was taking place, Canadians remained divided on same-sex marriage but also uninterested in the issue.
I also have interests in the effects of ethnonationalist policies on migration. In a recently published paper in Nations and Nationalism which won the the 2012 ASEN/Nations and Nationalism Prize in the Memory of Dominique Jacquin-Berdal, I explain the effects of ethnic nationalism on Anglophone and Francophone migration. I suggest that the rise of Québec ethnic nationalism in the 1960s dismantled the cultural division of labour, which created new opportunities for Francophones but threatened Anglophones' traditional dominance over the Québec economy. This had negative consequences for Anglophones but positive outcomes for Francophones, which in turn accounts for differences in migration patterns. I find that the key variables that increase the likelihood of Anglophone out-migration either do not explain Francophone out-migration or have opposite effects. This is because ethnonationalist policies decreased the economic return particularly for well-educated, higher-earning, professional Anglophones in Québec, while increasing the economic position of Francophones and in particular well-educated professionals.
The Chair of the dissertation committee is Robert Crutchfield. I am a postdoctoral fellow in Sociology and Nuffield College at the University of Oxford. Beginning in August of 2014, I will be starting as assistant professor of sociology at the University of Toronto.
The Canadian Studies Center, through its Graduate Student Professional Development program, works closely with schools and departments across campus to encourage and support graduate student study and research that includes Canada, the Canada-US relationship and Canada's role in the world contributing to the vibrancy of Canadian studies at the UW. For a list of current graduate affiliates see http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/graduate/.
Canadian Studies Center, February Report, 2013
Michael Hank, Evans School of Public Affairs, Featured in International & Foreign Language Education (IFLE) News
by Mark Hank, Evans School of Public Affairs, Summer FLAS 2012, French
I was interested in Arctic melting and the ramifications of that for environmental policy. I wanted to focus on national and international policy as well as security. For the full story, "Grantees in the News," click here.
Funding for FLAS Fellowships is provided by a Center allocation from International and Foreign Language Education, U.S. Department of Education. Visit our FLAS page: http://jsis.washington.edu/canada/flas/.
Alison Krebs, Information School, Summer FLAS 2012, passed away last week. Allison's research concerned how Indigenous information ecology diverges from Western information ecology to catalyze the creation of public policy. Allison studied Anishinaabemowin at Bay Mills Community College in Brimley, MI during the summer, and will study at Algoma Univesrity in Sault St.Marie, Ontario during the academic year.
The Canadian Studies Center at the U.W. would like to express our condolences and sympathy towards Alison's family.
Siôn Romaine, Canadian Studies librarian (front), with Louise Richards, Fisheries & Oceanography librarian, Dan Mandeville, Nordic Studies librarian, and Jenny Halpin and Cammie Dodson of the Odegaard Writing & Research Center.
In early January, librarians Dan Mandeville (Nordic Studies), Louise Richards (Fisheries/Oceanography) and Siôn Romaine (Canadian Studies) collaborated with Jenny Halpin and Cammie Dodson of the Odegaard Writing & Research Center to lead a Research & Writing Workshop for members of the SIS495 Arctic Security in the 21st Century Task Force.
Overall goals of the workshop were to have Task Force members collaboratively construct a topic concept map, articulate possible research questions, identify their audience, so as to make appropriate stylistic writing choices, and identify appropriate resources for their topics.
Topic concept mapping was a key component of the workshop. Students used whiteboards to cluster and relate key words, concepts and research questions related to their topic. Empty whiteboards were quickly filled with terms covering all aspects of Arctic security, from food security, sovereignty and environment, to oil, China and climate change. Writing Center staff then helped Task Force members identify a writing style that would be most appropriate for their audience of policy makers and government officials in Québec City and Ottawa, while librarians discussed resource types and which ones might be most suitable.
The three librarians then covered some of the key resources that Task Force members could use in their research. One key resource demonstrated was EBSCO’s Arctic and Antarctic Regions, the world's largest collection of international and interdisciplinary polar databases. Other key resources demonstrated included web sites of the Government of Canada (which indexes documents and policy papers from government departments as well as news items from the CBC/SRC), the Arctic Institute/Center for Circumpolar Security Studies (papers on Arctic policy issues), and the Congressional Research Service (papers from the public policy arm of the U.S. Congress).
Student then had a few minutes to work on matching their initial research questions and concept maps to sources suggested on the Task Force research guide. The librarians and Writing Center staff were on hand to answer questions and suggest other resources.
Resources discussed in the workshops, as well as tips on writing, editing, and evaluating resources can be found on the SIS495 Task Force Class Guide at:
Photos from the UW Libraries workshop on how to research Arctic security and the role of Canada and Québec in the Arctic for the JSIS 495G Task Force on Arctic Security. (1/13)
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